D&C Section 93 – the Path to Truth, Light, Knowledge and Glory

Joseph Smith2 It was about 3 months ago that I read D&C 93 for the umpteenth time.  You know, this is the section of the Doctrine and Covenants that says:

Man was also in the beginning with God.  Intelligence, or the light of truth, was not created or made, neither indeed can be.

All truth is independent in that sphere in which God has placed it, to act for itself, as all intelligence also; otherwise there is no existence. (D&C 93:29-30)

If you’re like me, every time you read this you think to yourself “Wow!  That’s really profound!  I wonder what it means”.  Then you read on without really digesting or truly asking the Lord what He was trying to tell us.  At least, I did this umpteen times before this.  However, I’m reading the scriptures with more purpose these days; because the Lord has counseled me to stop relying on the interpretations of other men and to allow Him to teach me the things He wants me to know.  As a result, this was the time that this section started to come together and actually make sense.  This was the time that I was able to understand much more of the message that the Lord was giving to the Saints on this day, May 6th, 1833, in Kirtland, Ohio.  I hope you will indulge me as I share the things I think I have learned.  In order to do so, I propose to expound on specific verses, hopefully to bring them all together in a sweet, eternal explosion of truth and light.

The key, in my mind, to understanding the Lord’s message to us is contained in verses 18 thru 20, which say:

And it shall come to pass, that if you are faithful you shall receive the fullness of the record of John.

I give unto you these sayings that you may understand and know how to worship and know what you worship, that you may come unto the Father in my name, and in due time receive of his fulness.

For if you keep my commandments you shall receive of his fulness, and be glorified in me as I am in the Father; therefore, I say unto you, you shall receive grace for grace.

This is the pivot point of the targeted portion of this revelation (verses 1-40).  Before this, He expounds on the nature of Christ, of His relationship with the Father, and how He received the fullness of the father, “grace by grace”.

The Light of Christ

The Lord starts this revelation off with a stunning declaration:

Verily, thus saith the Lord: it shall come to pass that every soul who forsaketh his sins and cometh unto me, and calleth on my name, and obeyeth my voice and keepeth my commandments, shall see my face and know that I am. (D&C 93:1)

Far too often, I have stopped there, saying “See?! See?! – The Lord promises us that we can see His face, and he doesn’t say anything about having to die first!  How cool is that?!”  Like me, many are so stricken by this declaration that verse two is lost in the shadow of our excitement.  It says:

And that I am the true light that lighteth every man that cometh into the world (D&C 93:2)

This begs the question…”what, really, is light?”  I believe it is truly the “Light of Christ”, but I also believe that the Light of Christ is much more than our conscience.  I have concluded that it is actually the very life force, the force of goodness that activates us, spiritually as well as physically.  It is the very power that powers the universe; that drove its creation; that perpetuates its existence.  This light is Christ, or the Light of Christ.   Verses 8 and 9 say:

Therefore, in the beginning the Word was, for he was the Word, even the messenger of salvation — The light and the Redeemer of the world; the Spirit of truth, who came into the world, because the world was made by him and in him was the life of men and the light of men.

This Word, as prominently mentioned in John, Chapter 1, is symbolic of the Lord “speaking” or taking action, turning His faith into action – perhaps even turning the spiritual creation into the physical creation.  It is His faith, nothing doubting, that enables Him to turn his desires into belief, his belief coupled with action into faith, and then that faith into knowledge (the creation).  I wrote of this process previously in Faith – The Cycle of Becoming.  He is the messenger of salvation because it is His light, the power of creation, that drives the world (the universe) towards its exalted destiny, its divine perfection, as opposed to leaving it to the ravages of entropy, or the slow, sure descent into chaos.  Lectures on Faith, Lesson 7, verse 2 says:

As we have seen in our former lectures that faith was the principle of action and of power in all intelligent beings, both in heaven and on earth, it will not be expected that we shall, inlectures on faith

a lecture of this description, attempt to unfold all its effects; neither is it necessary to our purpose so to do, for it would embrace all things in heaven and on earth, and encompass all the

creations of God, with all their endless varieties ; for no world has yet been framed that was not framed by faith, neither has there been an intelligent being on any of God’s creations who

did not get there by reason of faith as it existed in himself or in some other being ; nor has there been a change or a revolution in any of the creations of God, but it has been effected by faith;

neither will there be a change or a revolution, unless it is effected in the same way, in any of the vast creations of the Almighty, for it is by faith that the Deity works.

Further on, in verse 8, Joseph says:

From this we learn that the many exhortations which have been given by inspired men, to those who had received the word of the Lord to have faith in him, were not mere commonplace matters, but were for the best of all reasons, and that was because without it there was no salvation, neither in this world nor in that which is to come. When men begin to live by faith they begin to draw near to God ; and when faith is perfected they are like him ; and because he is saved they are saved also ; for they will be in the same situation he is in, because they have come to him ; and when he appears they shall be like him, for they will see him as he is. 

It is His force, His light, His perfect faith nurtured into perfect knowledge, that saves all things from the opposition that defines even the most basic existence.  (2 Nephi 2:11-14).  We become saved when become like Him, when we learn to exercise faith, to live by faith.

The Source of the Light? 

From whom did Christ receive it?  In verses 7-17, John is quoted as describing the answer to this – he received it “grace by grace”.

Verses 3-5 say:

And that I am in the Father, and the Father in me, and the Father and I are one—

The Father because he gave me of his fulness, and the son because I was in the world and made flesh my tabernacle, and dwelt among the sons of men

I was in the world and received of my Father, and the works of him were plainly manifest

Verses 11-12 of John’s testimony then say:

And I, John, bear record that I beheld his glory, as the glory of the Only Begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth, even the Spirit of truth, which came and dwelt in the flesh, and dwelt among us.

And I, John, saw that he received not the fulness at the first, but received grace for grace.

This is where it starts to come together for me.  Christ is the “Only Begotten” because He received the light, the Spirit of Truth, directly from the father.  He is the firstborn (D&C 93:21) because He received of His light. However, John makes it clear that He did not receive of the fullness at first – He only received a part of it.  The rest came to Him “grace by grace” as He dwelt among the children of men, separated from the Father by the veil of having taken on a tabernacle of flesh.  John describes the outcome of this process in verses 16-17:

And I, John, bear record that he received a fulness of the glory of the father;

And he received all power, both in heaven and on earth, and the glory of the Father was with him, for he dwelt in Him.

lightThis is the same process we all must go through, only we receive our light, the spirit of truth, from Christ, not from the Father Himself.  We are begotten of Christ, not of the Father (D&C 93:22).  I am reminded again of the “cycle of becoming” mentioned above, and of Alma’s discourse on faith in Alma 32.  We all receive the seed, the Light of Christ.  Christ received grace on grace by nurturing the seed that He received from the father – the light, the spirit of truth – until He received of the fullness.  Our journey must of necessity be very similar.  He is our example, the prototype of the “saved man” (Lectures on Faith, Lecture 7, verse 9), whose faith became so perfect that he has received of the fullness of the Father, of His light – the Spirit of truth.  The only difference is that He received his seed directly from the Father as the only Begotten Son, whereas we receive our seed, the Light of Christ, from Christ, having been begotten of Him.  Our task is, as His was, to turn that seed, grace by grace, through the exercise of faith unto knowledge, into the fullness.  It is in this way that we become one with Him, and thus one with the Father. (John 17:20-23)

In verse, 22, the Lord then tells us that “…all those who are begotten through me are partakers of the glory of the same, and are the church of the Firstborn” – again, because we received our light through Him, the “Firstborn”.  In other words, all who, through a combination of their efforts – their exercise of faith – and His atonement receive of the fullness of the spirit of truth, constitute the “Church of the Firstborn”.  This church is first mentioned in D&C 76:51-54:church of the firstborn

They are they who received the testimony of Jesus, and believed on his name and were baptized after the manner of his burial, being buried in the water in his name, and according to the commandment which he has given—

That by keeping the commandments they might be washed and cleansed from all their sins, and receive the Holy Spirit by the laying on of the hands of him who is ordained and sealed unto this power;

And who overcome by faith, and are sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise, which the Father sheds forth upon all those who are just and true.

They are they who are the church of the Firstborn.

Now, let’s revisit verses D&C 93:18-20 mentioned above:

And it shall come to pass, that if you are faithful you shall receive the fulness of the record of John.

I give unto you these sayings that you may understand and know how to worship and know what you worship, that you may come unto the Father in my name, and in due time receive of his fulness.

For if you keep my commandments you shall receive of his fulness, and be glorified in me as I am in the Father; therefore, I say unto you, you shall receive grace for grace.

Who do we worship? 

Among other things, we worship a being, the Christ, who, as the Only Begotten Son of the Father, received a seed of perfection directly from the Father and, through the perfect exercise of faith, in spite of the handicap of taking on a tabernacle of flesh, gained grace by grace the fullness of the father.  This same Christ then earned the authority to become our judge, our example, our advocate, our Savior by sacrificing all that he had gained on our behalf.

How do we worship?

By the same exercise of faith, the cycle of becoming, learning grace by grace until we have gained a fullness of the light – the spirit of truth – a seed of which we received from the Only Begotten of the Father.  Revisit verses 1-2:

Verily, thus saith the Lord: it shall come to pass that every soul who forsaketh his sins and cometh unto me, and calleth on my name, and obeyeth my voice and keepeth my commandments, shall see my face and know that I am.

And that I am the true light that lighteth every man that cometh into the world

It is even clearer to me now that man cannot be saved in ignorance, as stated by the prophet Joseph, (William Clayton diary, May 17, 1843, Ramus, Illinois).  We must come to know (by converting faith into knowledge via action – the process of receiving grace by grace) that He is, and that He is the “true light that lighteth every man that cometh into the world.”  We must also come to know Him (John 17:3) – his mind, his spirit.  It is faith in God, converted into knowledge of Him, that saves us.

Before proceeding further, I would like to discuss the following key words that are used over and over in this section and in other places throughout the scriptures.  These words are light, truth, and glory.


Verse 9 says, referring to “the Word” or Christ:

The light and the Redeemer of the world; the Spirit of truth…

I mentioned above my feeling that light is the driving and binding force behind all of creation.  It is truth.  It is goodness.  Early in my relationship with the Lord, I developed my own definition of love – that love is that force which builds up, constructs and makes things better.  The opposite, of course, is that which tears down or causes deterioration.  In this sense, then, light = love, because it is the force that creates.  There is a physical aspect to this that I believe is true, and which I understand spiritually but could not explain scientifically – that the actual physical properties of “light” as we know it, in all its frequencies – somehow constitute this binding force, this creative force.  I really believe there is a physical (as in the science of physics) explanation for this that would be in complete harmony with the scriptural references that we have, which are prominent in section 93.


Truth is knowledge of things as they are, and as they were, and as they are to come;

And whatsoever is more or less than this is the spirit of that wicked one who was a liar from the beginning.

The Spirit of truth is of God.  I am the spirit of truth, and John bore record of me, saying: He received a fulness of truth, yeah, even of all truth;

And no man receiveth a fulness unless he keepeth his commandments.

He that keepth his commandments receiveth truth and light until he is glorified in truth and knoweth all things. (D&C 93:24-28)

Truth is gained by exercising faith unto knowledge.  Truth exists, but it is only known by faith.  The wicked one would have us learn truth by other means, which is necessarily “more or less”.  The only way we can know all truth is through the exercise of faith unto knowledge.


Glory is the fullness – to receive of the fulness.  Verse 20:glory

For if you keep my commandments, you shall receive of his fulness, and be glorified in me as I am in the Father; therefore, I say unto you, you shall receive grace for grace.

Glory must be received grace for grace.  Glory = knowledge = light and truth.

And no man receiveth a fulness unless he keepeth his commandments.  He that keepeth his commandments receiveth truth and light until he is glorified in truth and knoweth all things.  (Verse 28-29)

And finally:

The Glory of God is intelligence, or, in other words, light and truth (Verse 36)

Per my own revelation (which understanding was simply given to me, and I can’t really point to any particular scripture), Glory is also to have perfect integrity in all things.  It is the power to create without violating agency. In other words, to have such perfect knowledge, love, truth and light that even the very elements acknowledge you and your righteous integrity, and obey your commandments.  Glory is that which has all power to overcome entropy, or to overcome the fall, which came by way of transgression. (D&C 20:20)

Intelligence…was not created nor made…

Verses 29-39 are where my mind has always glazed over in the past.  This is where one is likely to think, “Either Joseph is a true prophet, or he’s just plain crazy.”  Verse 29 says:

Man was also in the beginning with God.  Intelligence, or the light of truth, was not created or made, neither indeed can be.

This is consistent with the timeless self-existent “I AM” interpretation of “Yahweh”, or YHWH.  In other words, God simply IS.  I described above how Christ received a seed of God’s glory, of His integrity, of His truth and light, and was thus the Only Begotten.  Man, in turn, received His seed of glory from Christ.  Thus, that which makes up our spirit existed “in the beginning with God”.  Furthermore, this light of truth, this glory, simply exists.  It is self-existent.  It is because it is.  I received a personal revelation recently in which I was told “You Are!”  I still haven’t fully digested that.  It is mind-boggling, liberating, elevating, and sobering to think of oneself as self-existent, yet that is what I was told.  Obviously, if this is true of me, it is true of all of us.  However, it is our integrity, our glory, our light and truth that is self-existent.  It extends to its fullness – exaltation – through obedience, after the Lord’s atonement:

Every spirit of man was innocent in the beginning; and God having redeemed man from the fall, men became again, in their infant state, innocent before God (Verse 38)

Despite the fall, we are given purity.  WE ARE.  We are self-existent, just as Christ was.  We have the seed of His (Christ’s) glory, the glory that He gave so much to earn.  And then the other shoe drops.  Skipping ahead a few verses to 39, we read:

And that wicked one cometh and taketh away light and truth, through disobedience, from the children of men and because of the tradition of their fathers.

See, we ARE light and truth!  We have it – it is given to us – but Satan comes to take it away (but he has to take it away because it was already given to us) if we are disobedient, largely because of the traditions of our fathers.  This is babylon.  This disobedience, these traditions of our fathers can be otherwise called “the philosophies of men”.  It is these lies of which Satan is the father.  It is by listening to these lies (read “The Great Lie and the Great Promise” here) that we bring about our own condemnation:

And every man whose spirit receiveth not the light is under condemnation (Verse 32) 

Light and truth forsake that evil one (Verse 37)

We are given it all.  It is up to us to choose or reject it. (D&C 84:35-38)

Our Body – The True Temple

The elements are the tabernacle of God…(Verse 35)

In other words, it is through the elements that God’s glory, intelligence, truth, integrity…even His faith (Lectures on Faith 1:10) are made manifest.

…yea, man is the tabernacle of God, even temples, and whatsoever temple is defiled, God shall destroy that temple.

This verse is preceded by:

For man is spirit.  The elements are eternal and spirit and element, inseparably connected, receive a fulness of joy;

And when separated, man cannot receive a fulness of joy.(Verses 33-34)

Whoa!  Man, the body of man, inseparably connected with the spirit, receives a fullness of joy!  Man is the tabernacle of God – within which He manifests Himself!  Man is the temple to which God will come!  We build temples, yes, and I can feel His spirit there very clearly, but his favorite temple is ME!  And YOU!  WE are the true temples.  The granite temples built by hand are only buildings within which we are taught how to keep from defiling our temple – the one He gave us, filled with that seed of glory – that it will not be destroyed.  The granite temples are where we are taught how to receive the promised truth, light, intelligence and knowledge…the glory of God.  It is in our body, inseparably connected to the spirit, where God will truly manifest Himself.  If we are only spirit, He cannot manifest Himself through us.  The elements are His tabernacle.  We must keep our temple clean (read “A Temple Pure and White” here) so that He may manifest Himself in us, that we in turn might become one with Him.  These ordinances, by themselves, are dead.  It is by our obedience, but our constant seeking of light and truth, and forsaking that evil one, that we give them life.

All Truth is Independent…

sphere of truthI have always struggled with verse 30:

All truth is independent in that sphere in which God has placed it, to act for itself, as all intelligence also; otherwise there is no existence.

I now realize that this takes us back to the discussion earlier on being self-existent.  Not only are we self-existent, but all truth is self-existent.  It just is, and it is to “act for itself”.  Furthermore, the truth defines the sphere within which it is placed.   There may be other spheres in God’s creation, as is implied, but we have been placed in this one.  The truth is self-existent.  We are self-existent.  We become one with God when we know all truth, are filled with the light of truth, and are thus our own sphere?

Truth is light.  Truth and light are intelligence, or the Glory of God.  When we begin to define ourselves in the light of other beings (think “Jealousies and Fears – D&C 67:10”) we are surrendering ourselves to be acted upon, and we are denying the nature of who we are – who we were “organized” to be (Lessons from the Jail – I am a Child of God).  When we take that glory that Christ planted in us, and defile it by submitting it to the opposition that is the very definition of the fall (2 Nephi 2:11); when we submit to the enticings of the evil one (think agency); we in turn defile our temple – that body and spirit inseparably connected.  Having been given all of this by a kind and loving Heavenly Father, through His Only Begotten Son, how can we…I say, HOW CAN WE, turn away?

But I have commanded you…

Verse 40, which leads to a pretty scathing dressing down of Frederick G. Williams, says:

But I have commanded you to bring up your children in light and truth.

Fourteen words.  Nothing cryptic here.  Yet, in light of what we were given in the first 39 verses of this chapter, there may not be 14 more important words in all the scriptures.  This is a vibrant meaning of Malachi 4:6 and many derivative verses in the scriptures:

And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.

…Into One Great Whole or “I Stand all Amazed”

As I have digested this passage of scripture and written this study, I am decidedly impressed with the extent to which all truth really can be circumscribed into one great whole.  It is amazing to me how these 40 verses sum up so much.  Every one of the hyperlinks in this piece represents either a very familiar scripture or a blog post from the last 3 years.  Every one of them represents a piece of the puzzle that I had been given over the years, but somehow they all came together – sucked into the brilliant sun of truth and light that is Doctrine and Covenants Section 93.  I truly stand all amazed.

Finally, let’s not forget the opening verse, which, all by itself, is one of the most powerful verses – even the greatest promise – in all of scripture:

Verily, thus saith the Lord: it shall come to pass that every soul who forsaketh his sins and cometh unto me, and calleth on my name, and obeyeth my voice and keepeth my commandments, shall see my face and know that I am. (D&C 93:1)

I pray that we will each live our lives in such a way that we will redeem this promise, receive of the fullness of John, see the face of the Lord, and truly know that He is – the Christ, the redeemer of all mankind and our personal Savior and friend.


Fasting on Thanksgiving

Fasting on Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving cornucopiaYes, I’m fasting on Thanksgiving.  Wow – who would have ever imagined this?  Why am I fasting on Thanksgiving?  Well, my main motivation is that I am in the midst of a personal crisis, the nature of which suggests that my life will never be the same afterward.  The details are, of course, very important to me, but they are not to be shared here.  The point is that it is so important to me that I have decided to fast on Thanksgiving.

I express amazing gratitude to my wife, Diana.  We were both lying awake in bed at 5:30 this morning.  I was pondering the aforementioned crisis.  I’m not sure why she was awake – something about “I can’t breathe”.  Sheesh.  Anyway, I was laying there trying to decide whether or not to fast, because I felt like I needed to commit such to the Lord.  I turned over and said, “Sweetie, would it upset you terribly if I fasted today?”  There were a few seconds of silence followed by, “Sure, I guess that’s ok.  I’ll just eat a frozen burrito.  No, wait!  I have a TV dinner in the freezer!  I’ll just eat my TV dinner!”  Then she laughed in that sweet way she always laughs – very much like a child.  She is so beautiful!  She makes it much easier for me to fast on Thanksgiving.

I should make it clear that my decision to fast on Thanksgiving was also made much easier by the circumstances surrounding the day.  We had been invited to dinner at Diana’s ex-husband’s wife’s son’s house (yeah – chew on that for a bit, and think about what a miracle of magnanimity and charity it is that we were even invited.  There really is a great story buried in there) but it turns out that family dynamics were such that we turned down the invitation in favor of a quiet day with our daughter and grandsons.  There are some things that even a miracle of magnanimity and charity cannot overcome.  Then, when we invited our daughter and grandchildren to go with us to Golden Corral, it turns out that the thought of dinner at Golden Corral offended her increasingly vegan sensibilities.  I pondered for a bit where else we could go together, but I don’t know what restaurants would be open that would not offend a vegan’s sensibilities on Thanksgiving Day.  So, Diana and I were left with the prospect of dinner alone at Golden Corral – something that could be done any day.  It had therefore become much less of a sacrifice to fast on Thanksgiving.

It’s kind of funny how this all came together.  An unexpected spiritual crisis, a minor (or major, depending on the point of view of the family member) family crisis, one decision leading to another, and here I am – fasting on Thanksgiving.  This was certainly not something I anticipated a short 5 days ago.  There’s something very important about this, though, and that’s what I hope to share with you.

Thanksgiving is supposed to be a day for expressing gratitude.  I realize now that there’s something incredibly poetic about expressing gratitude with fasting.  I would not have thought this yesterday.  I would probably not have given great consideration to how symbolic it is that we express our gratitude for all with which the Lord has blessed us by demonstrating that we, on this traditional day of feasting, are willing to set aside the natural man and distance ourselves, at least temporarily, from babylon.  It’s kind of like the sacrament or tithing – symbolic of a greater covenant between us and the Lord.  (You can read more of this here).   Because it is Thanksgiving, it is even more potently symbolic, don’t you think?  The sacrifice, and thus the learning, should be just a little more intense.  I hope the blessings that result are, likewise, a little more intense.

It is highly likely that I will never voluntarily fast again on Thanksgiving.  For one thing, I hope I never again find myself in the middle of another crisis like the one that is prompting me to do so today.  I hope we never have a family crisis like this one (yeah, right!)  I also hope I never forget the lessons that I am learning today:

  • There is very little in this world that is more precious than an eternal companion who can laugh in a situation like this, and satisfy herself with a frozen burrito for Thanksgiving dinner.
  • Sometimes, the Lord just arranges things so that we have the opportunity to do the right thing. We really need to learn to recognize and take advantage of those opportunities.
  • It is good that we remind ourselves frequently that the temporal needs of the natural man, the comforts and indulgences of babylon, must always be subordinated to the eternal needs of the true follower of Christ (Moroni 7:48). This is the covenant of which fasting is a type as I mentioned above.

Even before I decided to fast, I could feel the desire, and the power, to testify of Him flowing into me.  Oh, if we only truly understood how much He loves us!  If we only truly understood that we can become like Him, become one with Him, (John 17:20-21) if we will follow His example.  If we could only fathom that everything we can ever hope for – truth, justice, mercy, righteousness, love…Zion – is all embodied in Him, and He wants nothing more than for us to come to Him, be fully redeemed from the fall, and taste the sweetness of the fruit that is brightest above all things.  He invites.  He awaits.  Let us come unto Him.

I so testify, in an attitude of prayer, rejoicing, gratitude…and fasting… on Thanksgiving Day, in the name of Jesus Christ.  Amen.


Sacrament Talk – Nov 23, 2014 – “Beggars, Indeed”

beggar's cupHugh Nibley, in his masterpiece, “Approaching Zion”, presents the case that, contrary to popular belief, the greatest sins committed by the people of Sodom and Gomorrah had less to do with unnatural abominations than with the fact that, among other things, they covered their fruit trees with nets to prevent the birds from feeding off the tops.  In other words, they were so greedy that they even withheld food from the proverbial sparrows.

Elder Jeffrey R. Holland, in the last General Conference, delivered an address entitled “Are We Not All Beggars”.   In this talk he points out that before the Restored Church was even 1 year old, they were commanded to appoint men whose duty it was to “look to the poor and the needy, and administer to their relief that they shall not suffer.” (D&C 38:35)

Before I go any farther, I want to make it absolutely clear that, if I do not make it my business to repent every day of my life, I will most assuredly find myself standing condemned before Him on the last day, condemned by the very words I am about to speak.

We all recognize that the Savior has always commanded us, if we would be humble followers of Christ, to minister to the poor and needy.  Furthermore, the Lord has repeatedly implored us, throughout the history of His relationship with fallen man, to fully receive His redemption by establishing a Zion society, which He has defined as a society of the pure in heart, where there are “no poor among them” (Moses 7:18).  With rare exceptions, such as the City of Enoch, the City of Salem, and for 200 years, the post-resurrection Nephites, the Lord’s invitation has been rejected, most recently by the members of this very church.Homeless and Hungry

I believe that the reason Zion is so often rejected is that the Lord’s people, despite His repeated warnings to the contrary, continue to set their hearts on their riches.  D&C 101:6 says, referring to the cause of persecution among the Missouri Saints:

Behold, I say unto you, there were jarrings, and contentions, and envyings, and strifes, and lustful and covetous desires among them; therefore by these things they polluted their inheritances.

The love of riches clearly violates the first commandment that “Thou shalt have no other Gods before me” (Exodus 20:3).  It is the primary cause of jealousies and fears (D&C 67:10); of jarrings, contentions, and envyings and strifes and lustful and covetous desires.  In my own personal quest to prepare myself to dwell in Zion, I have made the following observations that I would like to share with you today:

First, our “stuff” is not ours- none of it.  It never was and it never will be.  We are only stewards over what he has given us.  For a true saint, the idea of “ownership” of anything other than (metaphorically speaking) an altar on which to offer sacrifices is a myth, even an abomination.  As His stewards, we must continually ask ourselves,  “…what would He do with these possessions if they were His?”  Well, they are His.  So, what’s the answer?  What would He do with them?

Second, let me share that I am constantly asking the Lord for further light and knowledge.  He does not always give it to me when I ask for it.  Why?  Because I must first learn to believe, and to act in faith.  Knowledge, even truth, given at the wrong time, could actually weaken my dependence upon the Lord.  Rather than piercing the veil, it could actually strengthen the veil.Child beggar

Possessions are very similar.  We humans have always accumulated possessions because we think they will protect us from the things we cannot control.  In this way, our possessions often come between us and Christ, because they often serve to convince us that we do not need Him.  On the contrary, we must look to Christ and only Christ to protect us.  Without Him we are nothing.  Furthermore, we cannot exercise faith in Christ unto salvation when we depend, no matter how subtly, upon our possessions to insulate us from the unpredictable world around us.  Jacob, the brother of Nephi, said:

But wo unto the rich, who are rich as to the things of the world. For because they are rich they despise the poor, and they persecute the meek, and their hearts are upon their treasures; wherefore, their treasure is their god. And behold, their treasure shall perish with them also (2 Nephi 9:30).

Then, Jacob takes it even further in verses 41-42:

O then, my beloved brethren, come unto the Lord, the Holy One. Remember that his paths are righteous. Behold, the way for man is narrow, but it lieth in a straight course before him, and the keeper of the gate is the Holy One of Israel; and he employeth no servant there; and there is none other way save it be by the gate; for he cannot be deceived, for the Lord God is his name.

And whoso knocketh, to him will he open; and the wise, and the learned, and they that are rich, who are puffed up because of their learning, and their wisdom, and their riches—yea, they are they whom he despiseth; and save they shall cast these things away, and consider themselves fools before God, and come down in the depths of humility, he will not open unto them. (emphasis added)

Girl BeggarChrist, which the prophet Joseph Smith describes in the Lectures on Faith as the “prototype of the saved man”, rarely had more than the clothes on his back.  He didn’t even have a place to lay his head.  Brethren and Sisters, we must be very careful that our possessions do not enhance the thickness of that veil of unbelief that already stands between us and the Lord.

Third, I have observed that it is common for people to consider that once they have paid their tithing and a generous fast offering, their obligation is complete, and the rest is theirs to do with as they please.  Such a belief is false, and actually represents a particularly insidious philosophy of men.  Obviously there are exceptions throughout the church – even throughout the world.  There are those among us who truly give until it hurts; who recognize that the Law of Tithing is to the Law of Consecration as the sacrament is to the atonement.  In other words, the Law of Tithing is a type of the Law of Consecration – a reminder that all that we have temporally is His, just as the sacrament is a reminder that without the Atonement of Jesus Christ we could never be redeemed from the fall – that all that we are, or hope to be, spiritually is because of Him.  The Law of Tithing signifies our dependence upon him for our temporal needs, the sacrament represents our dependence upon Him for our spiritual needs.  Temporal and Spiritual = Body and Spirit = a complete soul.  In either case, as King Benjamin so memorably pointed out, we are all beggars before the Lord.

Elder Holland, in the above-mentioned talk, told the story of President Monson giving his shoes away and traveling home from East Germany in his slippers.  I would like to consider the parabolic aspects of this story.  Like with the conscription to the early missionaries not to carry two coats, and to go forth with neither purse nor scrip, the power of this story is not really that President Monson’s sacrifice was so great – a few shirts, a suit and a pair of shoes that could easily be replaced.  He knew those articles of clothing meant a whole lot more to those who had no shirt, no suit or no shoes than they did to him.   No, to me this story is a parable of his reliance – no, OUR reliance – on Christ to provide for our needs.  This is the power of the story, and the true power behind President Monson’s example.  It represents a third witness, added to that of Elder Holland and King Benjamin of the refrain, “Are We Not All Beggars?”Lonely beggar

Some of us will remember a sign that used to sit outside the entrance to the Salt Lake Temple encouraging temple patrons to not give money to panhandlers.  I honestly never felt comfortable with that sign.   Based upon the timing of its disappearance, I suspect that President Monson had something to do with its removal.  President Monson, if that is true, I thank you.  You see, I think there is something very appropriate about there being beggars outside the temple.  They remind us that we are not Zion.  In preparing this talk, I asked myself, “Are these people really any different than the beggars in Christ’s day?”  I think not.  Perhaps they are a little more cunning, and less temporally needy than the blind, lame and crippled beggars who surely lined the streets where Jesus walked, but they are no less needy.  Their needs are likely more spiritual, which is consistent with the way our society is today.  Relatively few people, at least in this country, are truly starving.  Typically the blind and lame and crippled among us are well taken care of by the government.  It is those among us who are spiritually crippled; whose wounds and scars are well hidden; whose petitions are so easily rejected by those of us who judge them, who stand outside the temple today.  Perhaps King Benjamin was looking to our day when he cautioned us against judging whether or not the beggar had brought their misery on themselves.  A caution for us all…such judgment can only be righteously rendered by one with much more wisdom that any of us have.

Finally, I would share a story of one of those beggars I met outside the Salt Lake Temple.  Perhaps some of you remember him.  He always seemed very humble, looking down at the ground like he really didn’t want to make eye contact, perhaps for fear that he might make someone uncomfortable.  His fore-arms were swollen, almost like in the old Popeye cartoons.  I stopped one day to give him the few dollars that I had in my pocket.  We introduced ourselves and I said something about how difficult it must be to stand out here under these circumstances.  I will never forget his response.  He looked me straight in the eye and said, “Yeah – that’s the hardest thing!  It’s the people who walk by like I’m not even here.  I don’t really even care if you give me money, just a friendly word, an acknowledgement that I exist, would mean so much”.

Brethren and sisters, we truly are all beggars.  Those whose needs are so great that they have no possessions or no spiritual reserves with which to insulate themselves from this lone and dreary world may well be closer to the Savior than we are.  I have no doubt that my Lord Jesus Christ would have stopped and spoken to every one of the beggars outside the Temple.  I have no doubt that He would give what he had, and when He had nothing left, He would give of his heart.  I testify that He is, as Joseph said, the prototype of the saved man.  I further testify that we would each do well to cherish His example and to recognize our role as mere stewards of all that He has given us – both the temporal and the spiritual – and to maintain a constant state of repentance until we have learned to exercise that stewardship as He would exercise it.  I testify that what I have spoken is true…and I do so in the name of my Lord and Savior, even my friend, Jesus Christ.  Amen.


Seeking the Face of the Lord

In His ArmsThe following is a letter I wrote to a friend.  I thought it worth sharing.  Sure hope you agree:
My friend,
I’ve thought much about our discussion on Sunday.  I’ve discovered that I express myself so much more completely in writing than I do verbally, so please allow me to express some thoughts that I failed to express at the time.  I offer these thoughts for your understanding  of me, of who I am becoming and what motivates me, and also should you come across others who believe similar things.
In our meeting, you lovingly shared your concern that I might become so focused upon seeking the face of the Lord that I would lose my balance and overall view of the gospel.  Honestly, I have heard this caution previously from others.  I must admit that I have rejected that because the truth is actually the opposite.
I mentioned D&C 93:1 in our talk. You appeared to be familiar with it.  It says:
Verily, thus saith the Lord: It shall come to pass that every soul who forsaketh his sins and cometh unto me, and calleth on my name, and obeyeth my voice, and keepeth my commandments, shall see my face and know that I am;
When I read this, I am actually struck with the way in which these ‘requirements” for seeing his face and knowing that He is encompass the completeness of the gospel.  Nothing significant is left out.  If one truly seeks to understand and fulfill these requirements, one will actually be very balanced in their understanding and living of the gospel.
D&C 67:10 says:
And again, verily I say unto you that it is your privilege, and a promise I give unto you that have been ordained unto this ministry, that inasmuch as you strip yourselves from jealousies and fears, and humble yourselves before me, for ye are not sufficiently humble, the veil shall be rent and you shall see me and know that I am—not with the carnal neither natural mind, but with the spiritual.
I have spent much time contemplating what it means to “strip yourselves from jealousies and fears”, and it is apparent that the only way to do this is to completely accept the atonement, rise above the influences of “babylon” and rely upon his love.  We must learn to believe that “perfect love casteth out fear”, because “fear” is the source of all jealousies.  And then, of course, we must humble ourselves before him (and thus before all men) and forsake pride – the greatest of sins.
D&C 101:38 says:
And seek the face of the Lord always, that in patience ye may possess your souls, and ye shall have eternal life.
I take these scriptures literally, while it has been my observation that too many of us are satisfied to accept them metaphorically.  I don’t know how they can be more clear.
The endowment is a representation of our individual journey from His presence in the Garden to His presence on the other side of the veil.  It teaches us the things we must do to return to His presence.  I have observed that it is commonly accepted that the veil represents death.  I don’t believe that.  To me, “enduring to the end” means the end of this journey, which is to overcome the veil that was raised after the fall, to pierce it, and one again experience the fullness of his love, even the “fullness of the gospel”.  The journey is the same.  The requirements are the same.  The only difference is that I don’t believe we should wait until death to seek to fulfill these covenants and commandments, and to receive the promised reward.
I read a story once that said that President Joseph F. Smith received a visit from the Savior in which he was told that the people had turned away from Him (meaning the Savior).  The accuracy of this is irrelevant – whether it actually took place or not is irrelevant.  What is relevant is that, upon reading this, I immediately got on my knees and “cried unto the Lord” that I did not want to be one who had “turned away from Him”.  I feel like if I were to fail to seek after this gift (as well as others that are promised us in Mormon 9 and in numerous teachings from Joseph Himself) I would be disrespecting His promises and turning away from Him.  If I were to fail to actively seek, knock and ask for these blessings, it would be because of unbelief (Mormon 9).  It is that we might receive these blessings, that we might be redeemed from the separation imposed upon us by the fall, that he died.  Can any of us truly settle for less?
As I write this I am filled with a profound love for my Savior, and I want you to know that I love Him.  I want to be with Him. I want to hold his face in my hands and kiss Him, thanking Him for all that He has sacrificed.  This is the fullness of the gospel.  This is what I would have shared with you had I said everything I wanted to say.  Thank you for your understanding, and thank you for all that you do to serve the Lord.   You are a good man – a great example to all of us.
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A Lexicon of Love

The Love of Creation

The Love of Creation

I had a dream last night.  It was one of those dreams that seem, for some reason, to be more than just random – the result of my experiences, hopes and what I had to eat last night.  I’ve had 3 of these dreams in the past, and they all turned out to be quite significant.  In this dream, I found myself at a dinner with about 100 attendees, and the scheduled speaker had failed to show up.  The organizer asked me just a few minutes ahead of time to give a 10 to 15 minute talk.  Obviously, I was completely unprepared – or was I?  The group was very eclectic – there may have been Mormons in the audience, but it was certainly not a Mormon group.

Oddly enough, I was not nervous.  I knew I could pull this off, but even as I sat at the speaker’s table to begin eating, I had no idea what I was going to talk about.  The dream ended as I spilled a drink while taking a bite of black beans.  After I awoke, I lay there thinking about the challenge I had been facing before I woke up.  What would I talk about in that situation?  What wisdom would I share?  What lessons that I had personally learned in my life would be meaningful to such a group, and could readily translate into “non-mormonese”?

I decided I would talk about love.  Every speech should have a structure, and lists usually help people internalize what the talk was about.  Thus, my “lexicon of love” – Love, Fear, Free Will, Gratitude, and Jealousy.


I feel like I have led two lives.  In the first one, I worked really hard at avoiding life. I didn’t really love myself very much during this first life.  I didn’t do good things for myself.  In the second, I have focused on leaving the first behind, and on embracing life.  The process is not complete, but it is progressing.  Shortly after passing into life 2, I was given a definition of love that has withstood the test of the last 15 years of so: Love is that which “builds up” or makes something better.  Love is, therefore, largely an act.  I have since refined that original definition to say, “Love is any act or communication which helps another intelligence move toward fulfilling its potential”. (For the LDS audience – substitute “fulfill the measure of its creation”).  By this definition, love includes a wide range of activities including acts of kindness, compassion, teaching (and learning), and nurturing.  By this definition, “tough love”, if done in kindness, qualifies.  By this definition, creation is an act of love.  Building a house, restoring a vintage car, creating art, creating a universe…all can be acts of love.

There is another definition of love that I have come to understand.  Love can also be defined as the appreciation of the love and/or potential goodness in someone or something else.  I love my wife with a depth that I never knew was possible during my first life.  My love for her derives largely from an appreciation of her goodness – of the many ways in which she loves others, including me.  Her love for me helps me understand, in turn, that I am worthy of loving and being loved, and thus it helps me realize my potential.  Her love for me also serves as an example which, because of my appreciation of her, encourages me to love others – again helping me realize my potential.

This definition of love, I think, accounts for the parents’ love of a child.  Who can better appreciate the goodness (and potential) of a person than those who gave them life?  How do we account, however, for those aberrant individuals who fail to “bond” with their children, or whose “love” for another turns into a desire for control or possession?   That takes us to the next word in our Lexicon of Love.


Whether you believe the Bible to be “scripture” or not, I think most of us can agree that it contains many valuable and influential philosophies – philosophies that have shaped our western culture.  Given that, please allow me to quote a scripture from the first epistle of John:

There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love. (1 John 4:18)

I have often heard the phrase “fear is the opposite of love”.  However, this particular phrase is mentioned nowhere in the Bible.  That’s ok – I think this verse describes the relationship between fear and love quite nicely – especially “…because fear hath torment”.  This relationship between love and fear is, in my mind, quite simple and easy to understand.  It is that when one is consumed with fear – with torment – one cannot look outside themselves enough to act and communicate to the benefit of others.  Neither can one appreciate the goodness in others.  Fear turns one’s focus inward.  Love can only be experienced by turning one’s focus outward.  “What of self-love?” you might say.  I would maintain that truly loving oneself – doing things that promote one’s own potential – requires realizing one’s potential for loving – for engaging in acts of kindness, compassion, teaching, nurturing and creating.  This logic, of course, rests upon my personal belief that the reason for our existence is to learn to love – that it is in our nature to love.  Thus fear, the other 4-letter “F” word, actually is the opposite of love because it focuses our energy inward and hinders the realization of our greatest nature, stymying our greatest potential – the potential to love.

Free Will (Agency)

Acts of love must be exercised without compulsion.  If they are forced, they are not acts of love, they are acts of fear.  No potential is realized through acts of fear – no matter how kind, compassionate or nurturing they might be on the surface.  Potential is actually inhibited by acts of fear.  Many times in life, the greatest love is exhibited when one recognizes that the actions of another are potentially or likely destructive, especially to themselves, but one does not intervene other than “… by persuasion, by long-suffering, by gentleness and meekness, and by love unfeigned; by kindness, and pure knowledge…” (This passage is extracted from a letter written by the Mormon prophet Joseph Smith while he was incarcerated in the Liberty, Missouri jail in March, 1839, and is now canonized as scripture by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints – D&C 121:41-42).   Love, without free will, is fear.

Joseph Smith in Liberty Jail

Joseph Smith in Liberty Jail

Gratitude vs. Jealousy

Just as “love and fear” represent a dichotomy of opposites, so do “gratitude and jealousy”.  Gratitude, being thankful for one’s lot in life, frees one to, once again, look outside themselves – enabling one to perceive beauty around them, to appreciate the goodness in others and in themselves – to be content.  Jealousy, or covetousness, results from a lack of appreciation (a lack of love), and results in enmity between oneself and those who have what one is jealous of.  This jealousy typically applies to possessions, experiences, relationships, personality or physical traits, and is driven by fear that one will be deprived of such possessions or that one is not as good as another – perhaps even that one will be subjected to another’s power.  It is interesting, also, that this very fear is itself motivated by the desire to be free of fear.  In other words, the jealous person believes that gaining additional possessions, or having more perfect relationships, or being more beautiful, strong, kind, compassionate and nurturing will result in their being free from fear.  The irony, of course, is that such thoughts actually perpetuate the fear that they hope to be free of.  Only through gratitude, being appreciative of oneself, of who one has become and who one can become, will bring peace.  I’m sure there is some platitude, probably from an oriental religion, that expresses this much more eloquently than I have, but this illustrates the thought process by which I, personally, in my own search for truth, have been taught.


One must hope that these principles are true, we must believe that it is possible, and that our lives will be better for them, and we must have the faith to act on that belief.  Without faith, nothing is possible.


When I was asked to address this group, I didn’t panic.  I thought to myself, “I have been preparing my whole life for this moment – I will be fine”.  I’ve lived part of my life in fear, and I have live part of my life seeking to conquer that fear by learning how to love.  I’ve seen both sides of the coin, so I feel qualified to discuss it.

I believe in God.  I have dedicated my life to knowing him.  I believe that God is love – that love, as I have defined it, is His defining characteristic.  I believe that we, if we are to fulfill our potential – if we are to fully realize our existence – must learn to love as He does.  We must learn to overcome fear and jealousy, and learn how to love ourselves, other people and the world around us.  If you do not believe in God, I hope you will at least believe in your own potential.  I believe they are one and the same.

Finally, I would quote two scriptures that I think tie together nicely what I have shared with you today, and which illustrate the purpose for our lives.  The first is from the Bible, John 17, verse 3.  They represent the words of Jesus Christ:

And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

The second is also attributed to Jesus Christ.  It is from the Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, section 67, verse 10:

And again, verily I say unto you that it is your privilege, and a promise I give unto you that have been ordained unto this ministry, that inasmuch as you strip yourselves from jealousies and fears, and humble yourselves before me, for ye are not sufficiently humble, the veil shall be rent and you shall see me and know that I am—not with the carnal neither natural mind, but with the spiritual.

To know God, to see Him and know that he is, is to fulfill our potential.  To do this, we must overcome our tendencies toward fear and jealousy, and truly learn to love without the need to protect ourselves.  We must become like him.  This is eternal life.  Even those of us who do not believe in God the creator must admit that God exists – even if only in the hearts and minds of man.  Even such a God, if imitated in the way I describe, is a beautiful God – a God worthy of our worship (reverence and regard) – if only because such reverence and regard bring out the finest in each of us, and ultimately in mankind.

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My Friend – Jesus the Christ

This is the text of a talk I will deliver at the Highland Care Center tomorrow, September 21, 2014:


Brethren and Sisters, I love you.

Today, I want to introduce you to my friend.  I asked him to join us today.  He promised to be here. Perhaps you can see him, perhaps not, but I assure you he is here with us today because He always keeps His promises.  His name is Jesus.  He loves you, too.  He wanted me to be sure and tell you that.annunciation-to-shepherds-949488-gallery

To many, my friend is known as the Christ, the savior of the world.  While he is those things, to me he is even more than that.   He is my confidante, my teacher, my example.

How do I know He is my friend?  Well, He told me – just last week.  You see, sometimes when I pray, I find myself talking to Him.  I’ve learned to cherish those times, because the things He tells me are always so comforting.  It’s like he truly wants me to know how much He loves me and how wonderful He thinks I am.  It’s like He wants me to know Him.

Yes, just last week He told me that I was His friend.  But I think I knew it even before He told me.  I knew it because:

  • Although I kind of knew Him when I was young, I went away for many years. I was being very selfish.  Perhaps I was looking for new friends.  I found some, but none like Him.  Nevertheless, when I realized again how much I needed Him, he was there.  He didn’t really even ask any questions.  He just said, “It’s so nice to see you again.  I missed you!”
  • He has always kept every one of his promises. He likes making promises – and they’re always 2-way promises.  I do my part, and He does His.  It never fails.  He’s so reliable that way.  Keeping promises together always make the bond – the bond between friends – stronger.  He’s really smart that way.
  • He’s very quick to tell me He loves me. He does that in many ways – through the scriptures, through blessings that are showered upon me, sometimes even by talking to me.  He never hesitates to take an opportunity, any time I will listen, to tell me how much He loves me.
  • Every time I go to the temple, He goes with me.
  • He’s always helping me learn how to be a better person – to become more like Him, and He’s so gentle. He never shouts – His voice is always quiet and piercing – and somehow he always knows how it is that I learn best.

Yes, Jesus – the Christ – the Creator and Savior of the world, is my friend.  How amazing is that?!!!

I mentioned the promises He makes.  There are many of them.  There are promises that apply to all of us – because, of course, He is your friend, too.  These particular promises are given in the scriptures, and we need only to read and study them to understand all that He offers us, and what we need to do to receive the blessings that He wants to give.

There are also promises that He makes to us as individuals.  These promises are usually made during those quiet moments when we are on our knees in prayer – when we pray, metaphorically, in our closets.  These promises are just as sure and real as the ones in the scriptures.  Of all of these promises, the one I look forward to the most is one of the scriptural promises He has made to all of us.  This one also qualifies as one of those personal promises, because He has told me personally that it is my promise.

This promise is given in the scriptures, in D&C section 93, verse 1.  In this verse, the Lord tells us:

Verily, thus saith the Lord: It shall come to pass that every soul who forsaketh his sins and cometh unto me, and calleth on my name, and obeyeth my voice, and keepeth my commandments, shall see my face and know that I am;

What a glorious promise this is!  I so look forward to the day when I am able to see His face.  I already know that He is, but I want to feel the fullness of His love.  I want to receive a huge hug.  I want to look upon His face and see the love in His eyes.  I want to hear Him say, “Well done, thou good and faithful servant”.

Jesus is my friend.  He is your friend, too.  He always keeps his promises – all of them.  This promise is no different.  For some, this may not happen until we pass to the other side.  For others, perhaps even for some in this room, it will be fulfilled, or has already been fulfilled, before we pass.  Either way, the promise is sure.  The temple testifies of it.  The scriptures testify of it.  Hopefully, our lives testify of it.  It is my prayer that we will, each and every one of us, experience that moment when we stand before the Savior, look into His eyes, receive a huge hug, and hear Him say the words, “Well done, thou good and faithful servant”.

I testify that these things are true, and I do so in the name of my Lord, my Savior…my friend, Jesus Christ.  Amen.


Same Sex Marriage – Perspectives

s-COLORADO-GAY-WEDDING-CAKE-smallKnow ye not, my son, that these things are an abomination in the sight of the Lord; yea, most abominable above all sins save it be the shedding of innocent blood or denying the Holy Ghost?  Alma 39:5

Even the most casual student of the Book of Mormon is familiar with the story of Alma’s son, Corianton, who “didst forsake the ministry” among the Zoramites and did go “after the harlot Isabel”.  This story also serves as a reminder of how sexual desires can so easily overpower even the most righteous.  Sex is one of the most powerful physical and emotional forces that define the human experience.  Very few have escaped its influences completely unscathed. Kept within the bounds the Lord has set, these God-given desires bond a man and a woman, physically, emotionally and spiritually into a family unit that is ideal for the raising up of God’s spirit children in an environment where they will be most likely to experience the fullness of eternal joy for which they were created. Unharnessed, however, these desires and cravings lead daily to everything from lustful thoughts to pre-marital sex, accidental children, pornography, adultery, rape, child abuse, abortion, STD’s, and other forms of violence and social tragedy.  I have become convinced that sexual sin is poison to the soul – a destructive force that leaves a trail of broken lives in its wake.  This is not news, but it is necessary to establish a baseline for the rest of my thoughts.

In this post, I wish to discuss the topic of same sex marriage from an LDS perspective. I know it’s been done before, but I believe that I can offer a body of thought on the topic that will increase our understanding of why it is such a difficult topic for people – even in the relatively homogenous Latter-day Saint community – to agree on.  I would like to begin by listing two things that I will not discuss:

  • Whether homosexuality is a choice or an accident of birth
  • Prejudices concerning the overall morality of the gay community as a whole

In the first case, I am not really qualified to offer an opinion and, to the person who is gay, it doesn’t matter.  Whether it is a choice or not doesn’t change their situation.  It is what it is.  Discussion of the second item would be totally based on anecdotal evidence, and although I have had the opportunity to make some direct observations, I do not feel that it qualifies me to authoritatively discuss the topic.  Besides, it is decidedly prejudicial, judgmental and unfair to saddle any individual with a stereotype that has been ascribed to a minority of millions by the majority of billions who obviously know very little about what it is truly like to be gay in the first place.  That said, I believe there are a number of aspects of this topic that I can discuss, if not authoritatively, at least thoughtfully.

Definition of Marriage

It’s been a couple of years since I posted a blog entitled “Perspectives on Marriage”.  In that post, I made the point that marriage, in my opinion, has been undergoing a gradual redefinition for more than a hundred years.  Prior to that, marriage was more of a religious, procreative, and economic arrangement.  At its glorious best, it represented a 3-way covenant relationship between a man, a woman and God.  From a more worldly perspective, it was at least a proven arrangement that facilitated the survival of the species by having children.  It provided the best structure for raising children to adulthood, in the process forming a social and economic cornerstone for survival and growth of the species.  Marriages, no matter how unfulfilling or even miserable, were typically for life, simply because the man was dominant and the woman could scarcely leave, especially once there were children in the picture.  Of course, there were exceptions, but, for better or worse, that was the overwhelming trend.

Beginning in the 20th century, though, marriages began to be granted unique privileges, or rights, that were denied to unmarried people.  Details are provided in the blog post above, but in general they include tax breaks, inheritance rights, health insurance discounts, hospital visitation rights, living will authority, etc.  The government began to license marriage.  It became a legal and civil institution rather than a religious one.  Divorce laws were developed and varied from state to state, although they have largely become generic over the last few decades.  This is why it has become so difficult to deny same-sex couples the same civil rights that are granted to participants in traditional marriage.  It’s not so much the right to marriage, it’s the right to all the privileges that come with being married which arguably cannot be legally, or even morally, denied.  Society and government “subsidized” marriage for many years  with these “rights” in an attempt to encourage couples to form and maintain family units.  There may well have been good justification for the direction marriage took during that time, but in this day of 50+% divorce rates, single parent house-holds, children born to un-wed mothers and, yes, abortion…this social and legal subsidization has lost its focus as well as the power to really make a difference.  What was, ironically, once marriage’s best friend, has now become its greatest threat.  Over the past decade, the justification for withholding these civil “rights” from certain groups in society has been rapidly eroding, and as we well know court after court has decided that such civil issues override any traditional, religious or cultural definition of whatever arrangement it is that carries with it those rights.  In short, “marriage” has been redefined to be nothing more than a social contract, and thus can scarcely be denied to any two individuals who desire to enter into such a contract.

The Law of Chastity

As mentioned above, one of the Lord’s most significant commandments, according to LDS doctrine, is the Law of Chastity, which all faithful saints, endowed or not, are commanded to obey.  Simply put, it is that any sexual relations outside of the bonds of marriage are forbidden.  In addition, the Proclamation on the Family states:

THE FIRST COMMANDMENT that God gave to Adam and Eve pertained to their potential for parenthood as husband and wife. We declare that God’s commandment for His children to multiply and replenish the earth remains in force. We further declare that God has commanded that the sacred powers of procreation are to be employed only between man and woman, lawfully wedded as husband and wife.

This proclamation, which I personally consider as scripture for my life, makes it quite clear that marriage is defined as “between man and woman…husband and wife”.  (It is interesting that it does not say “…A man and woman” – I had never noticed that before).  Whether or not you consider this proclamation to be scripture for your own personal life, there is no room for interpretation that it includes same sex marriage or any form of marriage that does not involve man and woman.  There is also no room for interpretation, when combined with the Law of Chastity, that it leaves any room for heterosexual relations outside the bonds of marriage.  The commandments are quite clear.

Chastity outside of marriage, and complete fidelity within marriage, are essential to maintaining the marriage bond and thus the family unit.  When a husband and wife commit themselves to each other physically, emotionally and spiritually, and when they engage no other outlet for this powerful physical desire – even need – for sexual fulfillment, the bond that is formed is very powerful.  When these boundaries are broken, through any form of stimulation or fulfillment that does not involve one’s spouse and only one’s spouse, the bond is compromised and the marriage, and thus the family, are threatened.  God’s precious children suffer.  We see it every day – most likely even in our own families.

I firmly declare, and I can quote no authority other than the fact that I have lived many years on this earth, that I have been on both sides of this battle, and that I have the gift of the Holy Ghost to testify to me of truth, that the disregard for the Law of Chastity that has been steadily increasing over the past 50 years is one of the primary causes of the degradation of society that we all are witnessing today.  This disregard is much more manifest, just through sheer numbers, in the heterosexual community than it is in the homosexual community (are they really different communities?), but both are an abomination before the Lord, and will only lead to more of the symptoms I described in the first paragraph above.

“And the second is like unto it”

Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question,tempting him, and saying,

Master, which is the great commandment in the law?

Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.

This is the first and great commandment.

And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. (Matthew 22:35-40)

And now the counterpoint to any discussion about same sex marriage – the need for love and compassion.  This cannot be denied.  The Lord is clear.  One can argue that “Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself” suggests that one could perhaps condemn and judge behavior in another just as one would condemn it is oneself.  In other words, if I am willing to condemn extra-marital sexual activity in myself, I have the right to condemn it in others.  I don’t think so.  People regularly invoke the conveniently modified edict “Thou shalt not judge”, which is actually said nowhere in the scriptures, but reads more like:

Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven (Luke 6:37)


Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour. (Leviticus 19:15).

However, I don’t believe this gives us the right as individuals to condemn others for their actions.  We do not know their challenges…do not live in their body…in short, we have not walked in their shoes. Only Christ’s judgment is perfect – only He has the knowledge, the understanding, and the compassion to judge perfectly, and for us to impose our imperfect judgment on others is not loving them.

Consider with me what it must be like for a child who is raised up in today’s world, seeing all around them examples of the promise of marriage and family with the accompanying emotional and sexual love.  They are told by their parents that, when they grow up, they can be just like them.  Media, relatives, churches; the vast majority of society’s influences all reinforce this promised dream.  Then, at some point, probably during puberty, things go horribly wrong.  The attraction they’re supposed to feel for the opposite sex doesn’t develop as it does with their friends.  Worse, they find themselves physically attracted to those very friends.  Can you imagine the confusion?  Just as these promised dreams should be materializing and coming true, the rug is pulled out from under them.  They are banished into the fringe of society, with no acceptable outlet for these powerful sexual urges and unfulfilled emotional desires that typically spin out of control even for heterosexual teens. The tension that is set up here is pretty obvious.  Throw in the fact that, for most heterosexuals, there is a deep, psychological, perhaps even physical, revulsion for same-sex activities.  It’s just as hard-wired into our make-up as same-sex attraction is for the gay person.  Imagine being told that, in order to be part of society you must either overcome those visceral feelings or abstain from sex altogether. Imagine being told, as a heterosexual, that you had to engage in homosexual relations.  How can one not have compassion – true compassion – for such unfortunates?

There is no Easy Solution

The forces mentioned above, all of them very real, are in insidious opposition to each other.  Marriage today simply is what it has evolved into.  The civil rights, once given, will never be taken away.  Society and Government are not going to do that without huge social upheaval which would result in casualties far beyond so-called marriage benefits.  The Law of Chasity, among the LDS faithful, is not something on which we can or should compromise.  The welfare of society, not to mention the building of God’s Kingdom on the earth, demands its strict observance.  Yet, there are millions of people who find themselves, for whatever reasons, trapped in the interplay between these two forces.  The commandment to “love thy neighbor as thyself” encourages us to tolerate, if not condone the actions of others even though we know them to be wrong.  It’s like a perfect storm designed to wreak havoc on our society – on the Kingdom of God.  As a matter of fact – it probably is exactly that – insidiously designed by the enemy of the Kingdom of God.

Government will almost certainly, in the next few years, alleviate the civil rights aspect of this dilemma.  Although I remain convinced personally that same-sex marriage, as a symptom of the larger disease of sexual immorality overall, will further the destruction of society that has already been aggressively advanced by the widespread disregard for the Law of Chastity, I do not see any other moral or legal route for the state and federal government to take. Unfortunately, this course will result in even greater erosion of the family, making more and more people dependent on the government, which, of course, transfers power, both political and economic, right into their hands.  In other words, the whole thing is very much in the interest of the government.

The Law of Chastity itself can never be compromised – it is of the Lord.  The fact that all those who participate in extra-marital sexual relations will ultimately be judged by the Lord for their choices is indisputable.  There is nothing any of us can do about that.  However, that judgment will also be “of the Lord”, and it is not our place to circumvent His perfect, fair, compassionate justice by replacing it with our own.

Perhaps the greatest tragedy in all of this would be for us to disobey the second great commandment which is “like unto” the first and forget our responsibility to love our neighbor as ourselves.  The sin is then on our head.  We suffer, they suffer, everybody suffers.  The world, which is already descending into a pit of immorality that includes pornography, promiscuity, rape, and abortion, would be made even darker by the removal of what precious little light is left.  Let us not hasten its decline by adding our own hatred to the veil of darkness that threatens to engulf us.  This, our ability to love, is the only thing that is truly variable in this drama. We must each resolve to love our fellow man as we love ourselves.  This is really the only “weapon” we have to battle the evil one, and make no mistake – this IS his assault.

The Future – a prediction

What I am about to say is a personal prediction, most definitely not in any form a prophecy.  It is not particularly inspired of the Holy Ghost, although that doesn’t mean it is not true.

In Europe, the church no longer performs weddings – that is reserved for the state.  The church only performs sealings.  I predict that, once gay marriage is legalized, the church will stop performing marriages, and only sealings will be performed in the temple.


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